Web development, refers to the tasks involved in the creation, construction, and maintenance of websites and web applications. Which run online, through a browser. Web development is closely related to the design of app features and functionality (web design). Typically, the term development refers to the actual construction of these things (that is to say, the programming of sites).
The job of designing the features and functionality of websites and apps is closely related to web development. But the term “web development” is usually reserved for the actual construction and programming of websites and apps.
Consider all of the websites you’ve visited over the years. Web Developers created those sites, ensuring that they worked properly and provided a positive user experience. Web developers accomplish this by writing lines of code in a variety of programming languages. These languages vary depending on the tasks at hand and the platforms on which they work.
Most Frequently Used Programming Languages
The basic tools used in web development are the programming languages, and they’re as follows:
- HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)
- CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
What Are the Different Types of Web Development?
Front-end development, back-end development, and full-stack development are the three main types of web development.
What Exactly Is Front-End Development?
is concerned with the “client-facing” aspect of web development. That is, it generally refers to the area of the website, app, or digital product that users will see and interact with. As a result, a Front-End Developer is in charge of how a digital product looks and “feels,” which is why they are also known as Web Designers.
What Are Front-End Development Jobs?
Unlike back-end development, front-end development has a variety of job titles that cover a variety of skill sets and experience levels, including:
- Front-End Designer
- CSS/HTML Developer Front-End Engineer
- Front-End Web Developer (this usually denotes a role that involves more visual and interaction design requirements)
- Developer of Front-End User Interfaces (covering interaction design skills)
- Mobile Front-End Designer
- Expert in Front-End SEO (usually denoting a Developer with experience incorporating SEO strategy)
- Expert in Front-End Accessibility Front-End Dev Ops
- Front-end quality assurance (which includes unit testing, functional testing, user testing, and A/B testing)
What Exactly Is Back-End Development?
If Front-End Developers are in charge of how a digital product looks, Back-End Developers are concerned with how it functions. This means they’re in charge of what’s going on behind the scenes, such as database interactions, user authentication, server, network, and hosting configuration, and business logic.
Back-End Developers’ primary responsibility is to ensure the site’s functionality, including responsiveness and speed. Back-End Developers must understand how to build servers with modern frameworks (while developing custom API
s and serving static websites and files), as well as how to manage databases and data on a web server. They typically employ server-side languages such as PHP, Ruby, and Python, as well as tools such as MySQL, Oracle, and Git.
What Exactly Is a Full-Stack Developer?
A Full-Stack Developer is someone who is knowledgeable about both front-end and back-end development. There are generalists who can wear both hats and are well-versed in all stages of development. Employers obviously want to hire Full-Stack Developers; according to an Indeed survey, they are the fourth-most in-demand job in technology.
If the title is contentious, it is due to the position’s generalist nature. Developers who specialize in the front-end or back-end often scoff at the idea of someone being equally adept at both – the phrase “jack-of-all-trades, master of none” comes to mind.
“When I hear that magic phrase (‘full-stack,’ my defensive tendencies are normally put on high alert,” wrote Front-End Developer Andy Shora. “Stacks are much larger than they used to be, and claiming to have refined skills at every layer of web development is certainly not a small claim.” Is this to say you have a wide range of skills or that you specialize in everything?”
Market for developers
expects the developers to have a broader skill set, or if Developers are taking it upon themselves to understand front-end and back-end functions. In either case, having a foundation in both is becoming increasingly important for aspiring Developers.
“For most people hoping to break into web advancement, you should focus on building a foundation in both front-end and back-end advancement first,” Software Engineer and Tech Writer Muhammad Anser advised. “At that point, you can float in the direction of a claim to fame later on.”
And, with demand for Developers expected to grow 15% by 2026 (for 24,400 new jobs), much faster than the national average, there may not be a better time to dive in and learn more about all the layers of Web Development.